This science ClipArt gallery offers 100 illustrations of meteorology, which is the study of weather and air conditions. Included in this section are images of meteorological tools, air currents and patterns, and more.

The upward air current in a thunderstorm.

Air Currents

The upward air current in a thunderstorm.

The air currents in a thunderstorm.

Air Currents

The air currents in a thunderstorm.

"Directions of primary air currents (after ferrel)." -Waldo, 1896

Air Currents

"Directions of primary air currents (after ferrel)." -Waldo, 1896

"General hemispherical direction of horizontal (lower) air currents." -Waldo, 1896

Lower Air Currents

"General hemispherical direction of horizontal (lower) air currents." -Waldo, 1896

"General hemispherical direction of horizontal (upper) air currents." -Waldo, 1896

Upper Air Currents

"General hemispherical direction of horizontal (upper) air currents." -Waldo, 1896

"An instrument for indicating the velocity or pressure of the wind; a wind-gage."-Whitney, 1902

Anemometer

"An instrument for indicating the velocity or pressure of the wind; a wind-gage."-Whitney, 1902

"An instrument for indicating the velocity or pressure of the wind; a wind-gage."-Whitney, 1902

Anemometer

"An instrument for indicating the velocity or pressure of the wind; a wind-gage."-Whitney, 1902

The anemometer is an instrument used to measure the velocity of the wind.

Robinson Cup Anemometer

The anemometer is an instrument used to measure the velocity of the wind.

"The principal part of the aneroid barometer is a cylindrical air-tight box of metal closed by a corrugated top of thin elastic metal. The air is exhausted from the box, which is then sealed. Evidently, the pressure of the air on the outside of the cover will cause the cover to curve inwards, as the space inside of the cover is void of pressure, until the resistance due to the elasticity of the cover, aided by the resistance of a spring beneath it, is equal to the force exerted by the air." — Hallock, 1905

Aneroid Barometer

"The principal part of the aneroid barometer is a cylindrical air-tight box of metal closed by a corrugated…

"Direction of a whirl for...an anticyclone (Northern Hemisphere)." -Waldo, 1896

Anticyclone

"Direction of a whirl for...an anticyclone (Northern Hemisphere)." -Waldo, 1896

A region of high pressure forming an anticyclone.

Anticyclones

A region of high pressure forming an anticyclone.

A collage of different types of atmospheres including auroras, snow, and rain.

Collage of Different Atmospheres

A collage of different types of atmospheres including auroras, snow, and rain.

"The inner circle incloses a map upon which the horizontal direction of the lower currents is shown by unbroken arrows, and that of the upper currents by broken arrows. The map is surrounded by a vertical section of the atmosphere in which the up-and-down are also shown by arrows. Near the equator the air rises and moves westward, and near the tropics it moves eastward and descends." -Dryer, 1901

Atmospheric Circulation

"The inner circle incloses a map upon which the horizontal direction of the lower currents is shown…

"The general appearance of the aurora is that of an arch of white light rising from the horizon, like the morning down, from which reddish streamers radiate upward, appearing and disappearing in rapid succession, in a series extending along the rim of the arch from one extremity to the other, often with an undulatory motion, the arch continually rising till the streamers sometimes reach the zenith." -Atkinson 1903

Aurora Borealis

"The general appearance of the aurora is that of an arch of white light rising from the horizon, like…

A homemade barometer made using a bottle.

Barometer

A homemade barometer made using a bottle.

The simplest form of the weather barometer made with mercury.

Barometer

The simplest form of the weather barometer made with mercury.

An instrument for determining the weight or pressure of the atmosphere, and hence the changes of the weather, or height of any ascent.

Barometer

An instrument for determining the weight or pressure of the atmosphere, and hence the changes of the…

"A Torricellian tube, firmly fixed to an upright support and properly graduated, constitutes a mercurial barometer. The zero of the scale is at the surface of the mercury in the cistern." — Avery, 1895

Barometer

"A Torricellian tube, firmly fixed to an upright support and properly graduated, constitutes a mercurial…

"The barometer is simply a pressure gauge that registers the pressure of the air. In this case the cup and tube at the bottom are protected by a brass or iron casing. At the top of the tube is a graduated scale. Attached to the casing is an accurate thermometer for determining the temperature of the outside air at the time the barometric observation is taken." — Hallock, 1905

Barometer

"The barometer is simply a pressure gauge that registers the pressure of the air. In this case the cup…

"A glass tube about 33 inches in length, open at one end, is completely filled with mercury, and being firmly closed by the thumb, is inverted and placed vertically in a cup containing mercury. When the thumb is removed, the mercury sinks in the tube till it stands, generally, about 30 inches above the level of the mercury in the cup, leaving in the upper part a space free of air, which receiveds the name of the Torricellian vacuum." — Chambers' Encyclopedia, 1875

Barometer

"A glass tube about 33 inches in length, open at one end, is completely filled with mercury, and being…

"A cistern barometer, being that generally seen in weather-glasses or ordinary barometers. The tube is bent at the bottom, and the cistern is merely an expansion of the lower end. Very generally, the cistern is hidden from view, and protected from injury by a wooden cover in front." — Chambers' Encyclopedia, 1875

Barometer

"A cistern barometer, being that generally seen in weather-glasses or ordinary barometers. The tube…

An instrument used to measure atmospheric pressure.

Barometer

An instrument used to measure atmospheric pressure.

An instrument used to measure atmospheric pressure.

Barometer

An instrument used to measure atmospheric pressure.

"Suppose a to be a long tube, with the piston b so nicely fitted to its inside, as to work air tight. If the lower end of the tube be dipped into water, and the piston drawn up by pulling at the handle c, the water will follow the piston so closely, as to be in contact with its surface, and apparently to be drawn up by the piston, as though the whole was one solid body. If the tube be thirty-five feet long, the water will continue to follow the piston, until it comes to the height of about thirty-three feet, where it will stop, and if the piston be drawn up still farther, the water will not follow it, but will remain stationary, the space from this height between the piston and the water, being left a void space or vacuum." —Comstock, 1850

Barometer

"Suppose a to be a long tube, with the piston b so nicely fitted to its inside, as to work air tight.…

A standard mercury barometer has a glass column of about 30 inches in height, closed at one end, with an open mercury-filled reservoir at the base. Mercury in the tube adjusts until the weight of the mercury column balances the atmospheric force exerted on the reservoir.

Barometer

A standard mercury barometer has a glass column of about 30 inches in height, closed at one end, with…

"Barometer, an instrument for measuring the pressure of the atmosphere, based on an experiment performed in 1643 by Torricelli, a pupil of Galileo." -Foster, 1921

Barometer

"Barometer, an instrument for measuring the pressure of the atmosphere, based on an experiment performed…

The barometer is used to measure atmospheric pressure.

Barometer

The barometer is used to measure atmospheric pressure.

Blowing into a wide mouthed bottle with a cork and two glass tubes.

Barometer demonstration

Blowing into a wide mouthed bottle with a cork and two glass tubes.

"Theory of the barometer. Fill a glass tube (over thirty inches long and closed at one end) with mercury. The column in the tube will fall until it is only about thirty inches long. The normal pressure of the air on the contents of the bowl balances the weight of the mercury in the tube." -Foster, 1921

Barometer Theory

"Theory of the barometer. Fill a glass tube (over thirty inches long and closed at one end) with mercury.…

The Aneroid Barometer is an instrument used in measuring atmospheric pressure. The aneroid barometer is circular and has a spindal for measurement.

Aneroid Barometer

The Aneroid Barometer is an instrument used in measuring atmospheric pressure. The aneroid barometer…

"The aneroid barometer is an easily portable instrument, and avoids the use of any liquid. It consists of a circular metallic box, exhausted of air, the corrugated diaphragm of which is held in a state of tension by springs." — Avery, 1895

Aneroid barometer

"The aneroid barometer is an easily portable instrument, and avoids the use of any liquid. It consists…

"This is an instrument shaped something like a small clock, and the barometric pressure is read by means of a hand or indicator, on a scale of inches placed on the face like the minute divisions of a clock." — Waldo, 1896

Aneroid Barometer

"This is an instrument shaped something like a small clock, and the barometric pressure is read by means…

The aneroid barometer measures atmospheric pressure on a dial.

Aneroid Barometer

The aneroid barometer measures atmospheric pressure on a dial.

The liquid barometer is an instrument used in measuring atmospheric pressure. The liquid barometer uses a method of water rather than a dial with the aneroid barometer.

Liquid Barometer

The liquid barometer is an instrument used in measuring atmospheric pressure. The liquid barometer uses…

A mercurial barometer: "The cup or cistern of mercury is at A. By means of the screw C the mercury is forced up until the mercury surface in A is brought to the little pointer shown at B, which is the zero or beginning of the barometer scale. The height of the mercury in the tube is then read off from the scale at C. D is an attached thermometer." -Waldo, 1896

Mercurial Barometer

A mercurial barometer: "The cup or cistern of mercury is at A. By means of the screw C the mercury is…

"This hygrometer consists of two thermometers a and b similar to each other in all respects except that one of them has a piece of muslin tied closely over the surface of its bulb c, and kept constantly wet by a few threads of cotton which connect it with the water in the vessel d. the water then which rises from the vessel by capillary attraction spreads over the muslin, and evaporates from its surface with more or less rapidity according to the dryness or moistness of the air; and the greater the dryness of the air the greater is the difference between the observed readings of the dry and the wet thermometers." — Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Bulb Hygrometer

"This hygrometer consists of two thermometers a and b similar to each other in all respects except that…

"Diagram showing the direction of circulation about lows and highs: A, northern hemisphere; B, southern hemisphere." -Salisbury, 1919

Circulation

"Diagram showing the direction of circulation about lows and highs: A, northern hemisphere; B, southern…

"Direction of a whirl for a cyclone...(Northern Hemisphere)." -Waldo, 1896

Cyclone

"Direction of a whirl for a cyclone...(Northern Hemisphere)." -Waldo, 1896

"Air pressure and air motion within a cyclonic area." -Waldo, 1896

Cyclone Air

"Air pressure and air motion within a cyclonic area." -Waldo, 1896

"Interchange of air between cyclone and anticyclone (Northern hemisphere)." -Waldo, 1896

Cyclone and Anticyclone

"Interchange of air between cyclone and anticyclone (Northern hemisphere)." -Waldo, 1896

The diagram "shows the isotherms in a cyclone of, say, 500 miles in diameter, as indicated by the circle, along which also the direction of the wind is shown by means of arrows." -Waldo, 1896

Isotherms in a Cyclone

The diagram "shows the isotherms in a cyclone of, say, 500 miles in diameter, as indicated by the circle,…

"If the cyclones and anticyclones all pursued the same path at regular intervals, the result would be shown" here." -Dryer, 1901

Cyclones and Anticyclones

"If the cyclones and anticyclones all pursued the same path at regular intervals, the result would be…

The cyclonic effects in the Northern and Southern hemispheres.

Cyclonic Effects

The cyclonic effects in the Northern and Southern hemispheres.

An instrument used to measure the quantity of a rain which falls at a given place. They are which falls at a given place. They are variously constructed. A convenient form (shown in figure) consists of a cylindrical tube of copper, with a funnel at the top where the rain enters. Connected with the cylinder at the lowest part is a glass tube with an attached scale.

Rain Gauge

An instrument used to measure the quantity of a rain which falls at a given place. They are which falls…

A hand holding up a tube from a larger, mercury-filled tube.

Hand and barometer

A hand holding up a tube from a larger, mercury-filled tube.

An instrument developed by Edison used to measure humidity.

Hygrometer

An instrument developed by Edison used to measure humidity.

When the glacier extends into the sea, the base is undermined by the warmer waters of the ocean, and great fragments are broken off by the waves, forming floating mountains of ice, called <em>icebergs</em>. Icebergs are particularly numerous in the North Atlantic, into which they descend from the extensive Arctic glacial region already described.

Icebergs

When the glacier extends into the sea, the base is undermined by the warmer waters of the ocean, and…

"Isobars, isotherms, and winds at various altitudes in a cyclone." -Waldo, 1896

Isobars and Isotherms

"Isobars, isotherms, and winds at various altitudes in a cyclone." -Waldo, 1896

"Isobars, isotherms, and winds at various altitudes in a cyclone." -Waldo, 1896

Isobars and Isotherms

"Isobars, isotherms, and winds at various altitudes in a cyclone." -Waldo, 1896

"Standard weather bureau kite and apparatus." -Department of Agriculture, 1899

Kite

"Standard weather bureau kite and apparatus." -Department of Agriculture, 1899

Standard hand reel for a weather kite used to study meteorology.

Kite Hand Reel

Standard hand reel for a weather kite used to study meteorology.

"The automatic hand or steam kite reel...is seen as it appears completely housed and not in use." -Department of Agriculture, 1899

Steam Kite Reel

"The automatic hand or steam kite reel...is seen as it appears completely housed and not in use." -Department…

A Marvin Hargrave weather kite with meteorograph attached. The meteorograph is an instrument that measures the pressure and temperature of the atmosphere when in flight.

Marvin Hargrave Meteorology Kite with Meteorgraph Attached

A Marvin Hargrave weather kite with meteorograph attached. The meteorograph is an instrument that measures…

During the day the land near the coast becomes warmer than the sea. An ascending current, therefore, rises over the land, and a breeze, called the <em>sea breeze</em>, sets in from the sea, At night the land, from its more rapid cooling, soon becomes colder than the water; the ascending current then rises from the water, and a breeze, called <em>land breeze</em>, sets in from the land.

Land and Sea Breezes

During the day the land near the coast becomes warmer than the sea. An ascending current, therefore,…

Diagram of the circulation of land breeze.

Land Breeze

Diagram of the circulation of land breeze.

"Leslie's hygrometer, which is an adaptation of his differential thermometer, is formed by uniting two tubes having a ball blown on the end of each, into which some colored sulphuric ether has been previously introduced. When both bulbs are at the same temperature, the fluid stands at the zero of the scale, but when one of them is covered with wetted paper the instrument shows the depression of temperature of the wetted bulb." &mdash; Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Leslies Hygrometer

"Leslie's hygrometer, which is an adaptation of his differential thermometer, is formed by uniting two…

Map of the continental United States, illustrating the rainfall in different areas.

Map of rainfall in the United States

Map of the continental United States, illustrating the rainfall in different areas.

"Regions of air motions and calms along a meridian." -Waldo, 1896

Meridional Movement

"Regions of air motions and calms along a meridian." -Waldo, 1896

An illustration of meteorograph device attached directly to the weather kite to record pressure, temperature, humidity and wind velocity. The apparatus is enclosed in an aluminum case, weighing 2 pounds.

Marvin Kite Meteorograph Machine

An illustration of meteorograph device attached directly to the weather kite to record pressure, temperature,…

The diagram shows the effect of the sun's rays on the increased temperature of the mountain compared to the plain.

Mountain Temperature

The diagram shows the effect of the sun's rays on the increased temperature of the mountain compared…