"Sole (Solea vulgaris) is a marine fish belonging to the flat fishes, of an oblong or oval form. These fish abound on all the coasts of Europe, except the most N. where the bottom is sandy. They furnish a whole-some and delicious article of food. The name is given in America to flounders, somewhat resembling the true sole in form. The sole is at its worst from February to the end of March, this being the spawning season."—(Charles Leonard-Stuart, 1911)

Sole

"Sole (Solea vulgaris) is a marine fish belonging to the flat fishes, of an oblong or oval form. These…

"Ten to twenty inches long, and weighing from on to ten pounds; it inhabits sandy shores in deep water, being taken by the trawl-net, and not by the hook." — Goodrich, 1859

Common Sole

"Ten to twenty inches long, and weighing from on to ten pounds; it inhabits sandy shores in deep water,…

"Seldom exceeds four or five inches in length. Is is sometimes called the <em>Scald-Fish</em>.

Smooth Sole

"Seldom exceeds four or five inches in length. Is is sometimes called the Scald-Fish.

"Is six inches long, and inferior to the herring in flavor; still immense numbers of it are taken along the European coasts." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Sprat

"Is six inches long, and inferior to the herring in flavor; still immense numbers of it are taken along…

"Sprat, (<em>Clupra sprattus</em>), a fish of the herring family, abundant on the coasts of Great Britain."&mdash;Finley, 1917

Sprat

"Sprat, (Clupra sprattus), a fish of the herring family, abundant on the coasts of Great Britain."—Finley,…

" The most singular of all the star fishes is the splendid Astrophyton. Its center is not unlike the gorgeous appearance of a Chinese wheel, but what a curious tie of twisting and twining tentacles." -Lupton

Singular Star Fish

" The most singular of all the star fishes is the splendid Astrophyton. Its center is not unlike the…

"The organs of motion are similar, consisting of a multitude of small feet called <em>ambulacra</em>, which are protruded through a number of perforations left for this purpose in their calcareous coverings." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Underside of a starfish

"The organs of motion are similar, consisting of a multitude of small feet called ambulacra,…

"Three inches long, is found in both salt and fresh water. It so abounds in the sluggish steams and pools of the Lincolnshire fens of England, that it is sometimes used for manure." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Stickleback

"Three inches long, is found in both salt and fresh water. It so abounds in the sluggish steams and…

"Five to eight inches long. It is very voracious, and one six inches long being put into a pail of water with an eel three inches long, immediately swallowed all but the tail; it was obliged, however, after a short time to disgorge it in a half-digested state." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Fifteen-Spined Stickleback

"Five to eight inches long. It is very voracious, and one six inches long being put into a pail of water…

"A few fish, however, form a sort of nest for the protection of their eggs and young; and in some instances, the male remains as a guard over the fry until they have acquired sufficient strength and agility to venture forth into the world. The little sticklebacks, common in ponds, furnish and interesting example of the exercise in this instinct" &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Sticklebacks and Nest

"A few fish, however, form a sort of nest for the protection of their eggs and young; and in some instances,…

The sturgeon, although a cartilaginous fish, has externally rows of bony plates. Almost every part of it is used, i.e. caviar from the roe.

Sturgeon

The sturgeon, although a cartilaginous fish, has externally rows of bony plates. Almost every part of…

the sturgeon has a cylindrical body covered by rhomboidal bony scales that are coated with enamel, making a strong and complete armor.

Sturgeon

the sturgeon has a cylindrical body covered by rhomboidal bony scales that are coated with enamel, making…

"These have an elongated body, and a funnel-shaped and protrusible mouth, without teeth, places on the under side of the head" &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Sturgeon

"These have an elongated body, and a funnel-shaped and protrusible mouth, without teeth, places on the…

"Top and side views. The cartilaginous cranium shaded, is supposed to be seen through the unshded canial bones."-Whitney, 1902

Sturgeon Skull

"Top and side views. The cartilaginous cranium shaded, is supposed to be seen through the unshded canial…

The Shovelnose Sturgeon (Scaphirhynchus platorynchus) is a freshwater fish in the Acipenseridae family of sturgeons.

Shovelnose Sturgeon

The Shovelnose Sturgeon (Scaphirhynchus platorynchus) is a freshwater fish in the Acipenseridae family…

"Almost of a circular form, with long dorsal and anal fins, projecting like handles from its inder parts. It attains a great size, sometimes as much as four or five hundred pounds' wright, and measures four or five feet in length." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Short Sunfish

"Almost of a circular form, with long dorsal and anal fins, projecting like handles from its inder parts.…

"Surgeon-fish is a popular name for any species of the genus Acanthurus, from the sharp, erectile, lancet-shaped spine with which each side of the tail is armed. In the early stages of their growth these fish are so different from the fully-developed individuals, that for some time the young fish were placed in a separate genus."&mdash;(Charles Leonard-Stuart, 1911)

Surgeon Fish

"Surgeon-fish is a popular name for any species of the genus Acanthurus, from the sharp, erectile, lancet-shaped…

"Surgeon-fish is a popular name for any species of the genus Acanthurus, from the sharp, erectile, lancet-shaped spine with which each side of the tail is armed. In the early stages of their growth these fish are so different from the fully-developed individuals, that for some time the young fish were placed in a separate genus."&mdash;(Charles Leonard-Stuart, 1911)

Surgeon Fish

"Surgeon-fish is a popular name for any species of the genus Acanthurus, from the sharp, erectile, lancet-shaped…

The swordfish is found in every part of the Mediterranean Sea. Its "sword" is an elongation of the upper jaw, of great strength.

Swordfish

The swordfish is found in every part of the Mediterranean Sea. Its "sword" is an elongation of the upper…

"Swordfish is a popular name for any individual of the Xiphiid&aelig;. They are pelagic fishes, widely distributed in tropical and sub-tropical seas, and are extremely strong and swift. Their popular name is derived from their formidable sword-like weapon, formed by the coalescence and prolongation of the maxillary and intermaxillary bones beyond the lower jaw; it is very hard and strong, and capable of inflicting terrible wounds."&mdash;(Charles Leonard-Stuart, 1911)

Swordfish

"Swordfish is a popular name for any individual of the Xiphiidæ. They are pelagic fishes, widely…

An illustration of a cartoon swordfish talking to a cartoon cod fish.

Swordfish Talking to a Cod

An illustration of a cartoon swordfish talking to a cartoon cod fish.

Tail of fish. (a) homocercal tail (Sword fish)

fish tail

Tail of fish. (a) homocercal tail (Sword fish)

Tail of fish. (b) heterocercal tail (Sturgeon)

fish tail

Tail of fish. (b) heterocercal tail (Sturgeon)

"Found in most Europes lakes in rivers. It is exceedingly tenacious of life; loves foul and weedy water; thrives even where the mud is of an intolerably fetid odor, and so black as to color the fish with its own inky hue." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Tench

"Found in most Europes lakes in rivers. It is exceedingly tenacious of life; loves foul and weedy water;…

"The prevailing color of the upper part, which is rough and with small points, is dark brown, the under part white, as is the case with most species of ray. It is two to three feet long." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Thornback

"The prevailing color of the upper part, which is rough and with small points, is dark brown, the under…

Scene from "The Little Tin Soldier."

Tin Soldier and Fish

Scene from "The Little Tin Soldier."

"And Tobias went forward, and the dog followed him, and he lodged the first night by the river of Tigris. And he went out to wash his feet, and behold a monstrous fish came up to devour him. And Tobias being afraid of him, cried out with a loud voice, saying: Sir, he cometh upon me. And the angel said to him: Take him by the gill, and draw him to thee. And when he had done so, he drew him out upon the land, and he began to pant before his feet. Then the angel said to him: Take out the entrails of the fish, and lay up his heart, and his gall, and his liver for thee: for these are necessary for useful medicines." Tobit 6:1-5 DRA
<p>Tobias is attacked by a monstrous fish. The angel protects him and instructs him to save parts of the fish to use as medicine.

Tobias Attacked by a Monstrous Fish

"And Tobias went forward, and the dog followed him, and he lodged the first night by the river of Tigris.…

Tobias, after being sent by his blind father to collect a debt, meets the archangel Raphael on the road. Tobias is kneeling next to a river. He is holding an enormous, open-mouthed fish and looking up at Raphael. The angel is dressed in plain clothes and holds a staff in his right hand. A small animal watches from behind Tobias.

Tobias Meets the Angel Raphael Disguised as His Kinsman

Tobias, after being sent by his blind father to collect a debt, meets the archangel Raphael on the road.…

The microgadus tomcod, also commonly known as tommy cod or tomcod (poulamon or petit poisson des chenaux in French), Atlantic tomcod or winter cod, is a type of cod fish found in North American coastal waters from the Gulf of St. Lawrence, St. Lawrence River and northern Newfoundland, south to Virginia.

Tomcod

The microgadus tomcod, also commonly known as tommy cod or tomcod (poulamon or petit poisson des chenaux…

Little Tommy Tittlemouse lived in a little house. He caught fishes in other men's ditches.

Tommy Tittlemouse

Little Tommy Tittlemouse lived in a little house. He caught fishes in other men's ditches.

"Seven or eight inches long, is common on the British coasts." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Muller's Topknot

"Seven or eight inches long, is common on the British coasts." — Goodrich, 1859

"One to three feet long; is eaten but not much relished. Found in Europe." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Torsk

"One to three feet long; is eaten but not much relished. Found in Europe." — Goodrich, 1859

The Golden Trahira (Erythrinus unitaeniatus) is a fish in the Erythrinidae family of trahiras.

Golden Trahira

The Golden Trahira (Erythrinus unitaeniatus) is a fish in the Erythrinidae family of trahiras.

"One of the Nereides, Triton. A sea deity, son of Neptune and Amphrodite. His lower extremities were that of a fish." &mdash; Anthon, 1891

Triton

"One of the Nereides, Triton. A sea deity, son of Neptune and Amphrodite. His lower extremities were…

The brook trout, Salvelinus fontinalis, (sometimes called the eastern brook trout, Adirondack coaster lake trout) is a species of fish in the salmon family of order Salmoniformes. The brook trout is native to small streams, creeks, lakes, and spring ponds. Some brook trout are anadromous. It is native to a wide area of eastern North America but increasingly confined to higher elevations southward in the Appalachian Mountains to northern Georgia, Canada from the Hudson Bay basin east, the Great Lakes&ndash;Saint Lawrence system, and the upper Mississippi River drainage as far west as eastern Iowa.

Brook Trout

The brook trout, Salvelinus fontinalis, (sometimes called the eastern brook trout, Adirondack coaster…

"Sometimes called the <em>Gray Trout</em> or <em>Whitling</em> is a Europen species, resembling the common salmon in habits and appearance, and weighing from six to twenty pounds." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Bull Trout

"Sometimes called the Gray Trout or Whitling is a Europen species, resembling the…

"Trout is a term applied generally to various species of fishes belonging to the salmon family. The best-known species, and that which par excellence receives the name, is the common trout, a fish which inhabits clear and running streams. The average weight of the common trout is from three-fourths to one pound. "&mdash;(Charles Leonard-Stuart, 1911)

Common River Trout

"Trout is a term applied generally to various species of fishes belonging to the salmon family. The…

"Feeds on minute animals found amonth the sea-weed; its flesh is good; length five inches and upward; common on the coasts of Europe." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Trumpetfish

"Feeds on minute animals found amonth the sea-weed; its flesh is good; length five inches and upward;…

"There are several species, covered with an inflexible bony armor." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Trunkfish

"There are several species, covered with an inflexible bony armor." — Goodrich, 1859

The Tui Chub (Gila bicolor) is a fish in the Cyprinidae family of carps.

Tui Chub

The Tui Chub (Gila bicolor) is a fish in the Cyprinidae family of carps.

The Northern bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus) is a species of tuna native to the Atlantic Ocean, the Mediterranean Sea, and the Black Sea.

Northern Bluefin Tuna

The Northern bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus) is a species of tuna native to the Atlantic Ocean, the Mediterranean…

"A large species, four to twenty feet long, and sometimes weighing a thousand pounds." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Common Tunny

"A large species, four to twenty feet long, and sometimes weighing a thousand pounds." — Goodrich,…

"Common in European waters, and regarded in England as one fo the richest and best of fishes; it feeds on small fish, crustacea, and shell-fish; seeks sandy ground, and is a great wanderer, usually in companies; the common size is five to ten pounds." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Turbot

"Common in European waters, and regarded in England as one fo the richest and best of fishes; it feeds…

This vase is an antique design, Greek or Roman. Held on a pedestal of fish, it was richly designed by famous potter Josiah Wedgwood.

Vase

This vase is an antique design, Greek or Roman. Held on a pedestal of fish, it was richly designed by…

This vase is sculpted in marble. It has a design of cupid trying his bow in the center of the vase, and Venus holding cupid captive, bound with roses. The base is a pedestal with upright fish all around.

Vase

This vase is sculpted in marble. It has a design of cupid trying his bow in the center of the vase,…

This glass vase is made in a richly colored glass. It has a pedestal in the form of a fish supporting the top half of the vase.

Glass Vase

This glass vase is made in a richly colored glass. It has a pedestal in the form of a fish supporting…

This perfume vase is embossed with a design of oak leaves, acorns, aqueous plants, and fish. The lid is surmounted by a vulture, and the handles are in the form of plant stems.

Perfume Vase

This perfume vase is embossed with a design of oak leaves, acorns, aqueous plants, and fish. The lid…

"Is a small fish, of delicate flavor, seven inches long, taken with nets in some fo the Scottish lakes." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Vendace

"Is a small fish, of delicate flavor, seven inches long, taken with nets in some fo the Scottish lakes."…

"It is about twelve inches long, lives in deep water, and is noted for inflicting serious wounds with its spines when carelessly handled." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Great Weaver

"It is about twelve inches long, lives in deep water, and is noted for inflicting serious wounds with…

A beached Greenland Whale.

Greenland Whale

A beached Greenland Whale.

"Is twelve to twenty-four inches long, and is very thing; it is not greatly esteemed for the table." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Whiff

"Is twelve to twenty-four inches long, and is very thing; it is not greatly esteemed for the table."…

"The White Ray is in the form of a rhomb, the point of the muzzle forming the lower angle, the longest ray of each pectoral forming the lateral angles, while the summit of the tail forms the last angle."

The White Ray (Raia Batis)

"The White Ray is in the form of a rhomb, the point of the muzzle forming the lower angle, the longest…

"A small fish, abundant in the River Thames, and greatly valued by the epicures of London. It is a common practice among the citizens of that metropolis, commended, indeed, by the example of the Lord Mayor, cabinet ministers, and philosophers of the Royal Society, to go down to the Greenwich or Blackwall, to enjoy the luxury of a meal of "Whitebait"."&mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Whitebait

"A small fish, abundant in the River Thames, and greatly valued by the epicures of London. It is a common…

"Well known for the surpassing delicacy and pearly whitness of its flesh. It is from twelve to twenty inches long, and weighs from one to four pounds." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Whiting

"Well known for the surpassing delicacy and pearly whitness of its flesh. It is from twelve to twenty…

"The fish called the whiting is met with on all the coasts of Northern Europe, and is caught in great numbers with hook and line. The fish derives its English name from the pearly whiteness of its flesh, which is highly esteemed, and large quantities of which are salted and dried."&mdash;(Charles Leonard-Stuart, 1911)

Whiting

"The fish called the whiting is met with on all the coasts of Northern Europe, and is caught in great…

The Northern Whiting (Sillago sihama) is a fish in the Sillaginidae family of smelt-whitings.

Northern Whiting

The Northern Whiting (Sillago sihama) is a fish in the Sillaginidae family of smelt-whitings.

An illustration of a fish fishing for a woman with a heart as bait.

Woman Being Fished For

An illustration of a fish fishing for a woman with a heart as bait.

An illustration of a woman cooking fish.

Woman Cooking

An illustration of a woman cooking fish.

"Generally of stout form and moderate size, and often of very brilliant colors." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Wrasee

"Generally of stout form and moderate size, and often of very brilliant colors." — Goodrich, 1859