A baby standing in a garden wearing a dress and a bonnet.

Baby

A baby standing in a garden wearing a dress and a bonnet.

This banner has floral and vine arrangements on it with two mermaids in the center of the print.

Banner

This banner has floral and vine arrangements on it with two mermaids in the center of the print.

A conservatory with numerous plants near the bay window.

Bay Window Conservatory

A conservatory with numerous plants near the bay window.

An image of Missouri's Botanical Garden, formerly known as Shaw's Garden in 1874. Founded in 1859, the Missouri Botanical Garden is one of the oldest botanical institutions in the United States and a National Historic Landmark.

Missouri's Botanical Garden

An image of Missouri's Botanical Garden, formerly known as Shaw's Garden in 1874. Founded in 1859, the…

An illustration of a boy and a girl sitting on chairs in a garden.

Boy & Girl Sitting in Garden

An illustration of a boy and a girl sitting on chairs in a garden.

Boy hoeing a garden.

Boy with hoe

Boy hoeing a garden.

"The Improved Long Orange is the standard stock carrot. The roots are large and long, and are of good quality for feeding."—Rawson, 1892

Improved Long Orange Carrot

"The Improved Long Orange is the standard stock carrot. The roots are large and long, and are of good…

"Cleft-grafting is another method in common use. The stock a is cleft down from the horizontal cut d, and the scion, when cut to a thin wedge form, as shown at c and e, is inserted into the cleft; the whole is then bound up and clayed as in the former case. This is not so goood a plan as wip-grafting; it is improved by sloping the stock on one side to the size of the graft." — Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Cleft-Grafting

"Cleft-grafting is another method in common use. The stock a is cleft down from the horizontal cut d,…

"Ruby, a new medium early variety, is likely to become a very decided favorite. The stalk, and also the husk, are of a ruby red color; the kernel is very white, of good size, and excellent flavor."—Rawson, 1892

Ruby Sweet Corn

"Ruby, a new medium early variety, is likely to become a very decided favorite. The stalk, and also…

"Crown-grafting is preferable to cleft-grafting, inasmuch as it leaves no open spaces in the wood. The stock b is cut off horizontally or nearly so, and a slit is then cut in the bark f, f, a wedge-shaped piece of ivory being inserted to raise the bark; the scion is then cut to the same wedge-shaped form g, h, and inserted in the space opened for it between the albumen and the bark, after which it is tied down and clayed over in the manner already described." — Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Crown-Grafting

"Crown-grafting is preferable to cleft-grafting, inasmuch as it leaves no open spaces in the wood. The…

"Among varieties the White Spine is the leading table sort grown for this market, both outdoors and under glass."—Rawson, 1892

Rawson's White Spine Cucumber

"Among varieties the White Spine is the leading table sort grown for this market, both outdoors and…

"A special contrivance for a cutting pot was brought into notice many years ago by Mr. A. Forsyth. A smaller pot was put into a larger one, the hole at the bottom being closed with clay a; the bottom of the outer pot is filled with crocks b, so that the small pot is brought up to the level of the larger one; and the space between the two pots c is filled with propagating soil, the cuttings being so planted that their ends rest against the sides of the inner pot, which is then filled with water, and this passing slowly through the sides of the pots, just keeps the soil moistened." — Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Cutting Pot

"A special contrivance for a cutting pot was brought into notice many years ago by Mr. A. Forsyth. A…

"The Danvers Half Long Orange is the standard main crop variety."—Rawson, 1892

Danvers Half Long

"The Danvers Half Long Orange is the standard main crop variety."—Rawson, 1892

"The drag is a useful, light three-pronged tool which may be used for loosening the soil amongst vegetable crops as well as flower garden plants, and may also be sometimes employed, if the tines are sufficiently narrow and pointed, to drag off weeds from the surface." — Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Drag

"The drag is a useful, light three-pronged tool which may be used for loosening the soil amongst vegetable…

"The Foficulina includes the Earwig, <em>Forficula</em>, which appears to live principally upon vegetable substances. As this trie often attack the petals of flowers, they are regarded as enemies by the gardener." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Earwigs

"The Foficulina includes the Earwig, Forficula, which appears to live principally upon vegetable…

An illustration of a garden entrance leading up to a small house.

Garden Entrance

An illustration of a garden entrance leading up to a small house.

"Sulphurators are instruments for distributing flowers of sulphur, for the purpose of destroying mildew. In the case of greenhouse plants, such as heaths, simply dusting with sulphur through a muslin bag or dredger is sufficient." &mdash; Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Epps's Sulphurator

"Sulphurators are instruments for distributing flowers of sulphur, for the purpose of destroying mildew.…

An illustration of a fairy and a young girl sitting in a tree and is uprooted and flying in the air.

Fairy & Child in Flying Tree

An illustration of a fairy and a young girl sitting in a tree and is uprooted and flying in the air.

"A finger-weeder." &mdash; Baily, 1898

Finger-weeder

"A finger-weeder." — Baily, 1898

"Selby's Flower Gatherer which cuts and holds the flower at the same time." &mdash; Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Flower Gatherer

"Selby's Flower Gatherer which cuts and holds the flower at the same time." — Encyclopedia Britannica,…

"The Early French Forcing is the leading variety for hot-bed culture. The plants have but a very small top, run very even in size, and are of good appearance."&mdash;Rawson, 1892

French Early Forcing

"The Early French Forcing is the leading variety for hot-bed culture. The plants have but a very small…

"The ordinary spading-fork, with strong, flat tines, is a most serviceable tool; but a good spading-fork may be made from an old manure fork by cutting down the tines." &mdash; Baily, 1898

Improvised fork

"The ordinary spading-fork, with strong, flat tines, is a most serviceable tool; but a good spading-fork…

Illustrated are good plant forms for the free style of design for landscape gardening.

Free Style of Design

Illustrated are good plant forms for the free style of design for landscape gardening.

A porch covered with flowers and vines overlooking a garden.

Garden

A porch covered with flowers and vines overlooking a garden.

An illustration of a garden at Mt. Pleasant.

Garden

An illustration of a garden at Mt. Pleasant.

An illustration of a garden located in Natchez, MS.

Garden

An illustration of a garden located in Natchez, MS.

An illustration of a garden banner with two girls on swings.

Garden Banner with Girls on Swings

An illustration of a garden banner with two girls on swings.

Illustrated is a design for gardens that lie irregularly to the grand house. The design is from 1728.

Garden Design

Illustrated is a design for gardens that lie irregularly to the grand house. The design is from 1728.

"Closeup of a garden spider's foot, showing the 'combs' for clinging to webs."&mdash;Finley, 1917

Foot of a garden spider

"Closeup of a garden spider's foot, showing the 'combs' for clinging to webs."—Finley, 1917

An illustration of a garden walkway located in Natchez, MS.

Garden walkway

An illustration of a garden walkway located in Natchez, MS.

An illustration of mumming, or masquerading, in Windsor Castle Garden during the fourteenth century. The garden is enclosed in a fence and flowers planted around the garden.

Mumming at Windsor Castle Garden

An illustration of mumming, or masquerading, in Windsor Castle Garden during the fourteenth century.…

A small garden of plants by a window.

Window Garden

A small garden of plants by a window.

"Some spiders, like the <em>Ctenizae</em>, close the mouth of their subterranean resdence with a most ingeniously-constructed trap-door, which the inhabitant closes with the utmost pertinacity when any attempt is made to invade the privacy of his domicile. Hence these, of which several species are found in the south of Europe and on the shores of the Mediterranean, are generally known as <em>Trap-door spiders</em>." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Garden-spider and trap-door spider

"Some spiders, like the Ctenizae, close the mouth of their subterranean resdence with a most…

"Some, of which the Common Garden Spider, <em>Epeira diadema</em> is an excellent example, construct a beautiful net, composed of stout radiating lines, intersected at tolerably regular intervals by circular filaments." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Garden-spiders

"Some, of which the Common Garden Spider, Epeira diadema is an excellent example, construct…

A woman and children in the garden.

Gardening

A woman and children in the garden.

A man working in a garden.

Gardening

A man working in a garden.

Illustrated are gardens of the Pope. The gardens are on the Quirinal, Rome.

Gardens of the Pope

Illustrated are gardens of the Pope. The gardens are on the Quirinal, Rome.

A girl giving a collie some food from her basket in the garden.

Girl and Collie

A girl giving a collie some food from her basket in the garden.

A girl having a picnic outside in the garden.

Girl in Garden

A girl having a picnic outside in the garden.

An illustration of a young girl holding her dolls and picking flowers in a garden.

Young Girl Picking Flowers in Garden

An illustration of a young girl holding her dolls and picking flowers in a garden.

An illustration of a young girl sitting on a bench next to a cat and reading a book upside down.

Girl Sitting on Bench Reading Book with Cat

An illustration of a young girl sitting on a bench next to a cat and reading a book upside down.

An illustration of a small girl water flowers in a large garden.

Girl Watering Flowers

An illustration of a small girl water flowers in a large garden.

Illustrated is the free and open front of Gore Place, Waltham, Massachusetts.

Gore Place

Illustrated is the free and open front of Gore Place, Waltham, Massachusetts.

This is the garden plan of the Tuileries Garden in the time of Louis XIII in France. This was the garden system frequently used in France during the time of Louis XIII.

Ground Plan of the Tuileries Garden, Time of Louis XIII

This is the garden plan of the Tuileries Garden in the time of Louis XIII in France. This was the garden…

"It is often essential that the land be compacted after it has been spaded or hoed, and some kind of hand-roller is then useful. Very efficient iron rollers are in the market, but a good one can be made from a hard cestnut or oak log." &mdash; Baily, 1898

Hand-roller

"It is often essential that the land be compacted after it has been spaded or hoed, and some kind of…

"Another style of hand-weeder, made at home out of hoop-iron." &mdash; Baily, 1898

Home-made hand-weeder

"Another style of hand-weeder, made at home out of hoop-iron." — Baily, 1898

"For small beds of flowers or vegetables, hand-weeders of various patterns are essential to easy and efficient work." &mdash; Baily, 1898

Hand-weeders

"For small beds of flowers or vegetables, hand-weeders of various patterns are essential to easy and…

This illustration shows a typical Chinese Hanging Garden.

Hanging Garden

This illustration shows a typical Chinese Hanging Garden.

This is a summer view of a hardy perennial and alpine garden. This garden is a little less than an acre. There are over two thousand species and varieties in this garden.

Hardy Perennial and Alpine Garden

This is a summer view of a hardy perennial and alpine garden. This garden is a little less than an acre.…

"A new instrument for clipping hedges, Ridgeway's hedge-cutter, does its work quickly and well; and the same can be said for Adie's new lawn-edging machine." &mdash; Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Hedge-Cutter

"A new instrument for clipping hedges, Ridgeway's hedge-cutter, does its work quickly and well; and…

This plant gives off a strong fragrance, commonly used in medicine.

Garden Heliotrope

This plant gives off a strong fragrance, commonly used in medicine.

A hoe inside of a circle

Hoe logo

A hoe inside of a circle

A perennial plant used as a condiment.

Horseradish

A perennial plant used as a condiment.

The Horticultural Hall.

Horticultural Hall

The Horticultural Hall.

The Pompeiian house consisted of several courts or <em>atria</em>, some of which were surrounded by colonnades and called peristyles. The front portion was reserved for shops, or presented to the street a wall unbroken save by the entrance.Legend: s, shops; v, vestibule; f, family rooms; k, kitchen; l, lararium; p, peristyles

House of Pansa, Pompeii (Plan)

The Pompeiian house consisted of several courts or atria, some of which were surrounded by…

A garden variety featuring, edible orange and black berries.

Garden Huckleberry

A garden variety featuring, edible orange and black berries.

Some tools that are commonly used in gardening.

Set of Garden Implements

Some tools that are commonly used in gardening.

Illustrated is a Japanese garden with stepping-stone in the foreground.

Japanese Garden

Illustrated is a Japanese garden with stepping-stone in the foreground.

The state banner of New Jersey, the garden state.

New Jersey

The state banner of New Jersey, the garden state.

Illustrated is a good background for a landscape garden.

Landscape Garden

Illustrated is a good background for a landscape garden.