Common Sense is a pamphlet written by Thomas Paine. It was first published anonymously on January 10, 1776, during the American Revolution. Paine wrote it with editorial feedback from Benjamin Rush, who came up with the title. The document denounced British rule and, through its immense popularity, contributed to fomenting the American Revolution.
"The Three Fundamental Laws of Thought. (1) The Law of Identity-- Whatever is, is; or, in a more precise form, Every A is A. (2) The Law of Contradiction-- Nothing can both be and not be; Nothing can be A and not A. (3) The Law of Excluded Middle-- Everything must either be or not be; Everything is either A or not A."
In this treatise, English thinker George William Joseph Stock explains deductive logic.
The life, theories, and discoveries of mathematician Leonhard Euler.
The narrator travels through Florida.
A travel guide of Florida in 1910 from Jacksonville to Key West during the months of November to April.
This collection brings together several pieces from the late 1800s and early 1900s about life in Florida.
Lewis Carroll's Game of Logic is a way to understand classical logic by means of symbols.
A Lecture delivered at the Evening Meeting of the Royal Geographical Society, 24th March, 1879.
This is a collection of general interest publications from the U.S. Geological Survey on rocks, fossils, and other geology topics.
History of Modern Mathematics is a comprehensive guide to different theories and strategies of mathematics ranging from Theory of Numbers, Theory of Equations, Complex Numbers, Calculus, Analytical Geometry, and others.
Lectures on Ten British Mathematicians is a collection of biographies about famous mathematicians from the 19th century.
Logic: Deductive and Inductive is a math treatise by the British logician and mathematician Carveth Read.
The Number Concept is an examination of the different cultural representations of numbers by the American mathematician Levi Leonard Conant, Ph.D.
Information regarding the discoveries contributing to mathematics and the problems in determining chronology.
On Vaccination Against Smallpox is Edward Jenner's publication of his research into creating the smallpox vaccine. When in 1788 a smallpox outbreak hit Gloucestershire, Jenner noticed that people who worked with cattle and had caught the mild disease cowpox, which was not fatal, then never came down with smallpox. He found ways to test his observation, and in 1796 his experiments showed that giving a small dose of cowpox to a person gave that person immunity to smallpox. Despite much initial disbelief by his peers, the smallpox vaccine became one of the most significant scientific breakthroughs.
Philosophy and Fun of Algebra is meant for young readers as an introduction to the basics of algebra and logic. Her style is humorous, easy to read, and conversational.
Physics is one of Aristotle's major works. A collection of lessons, the book covers theoretical, methodological, and philosophical issues of the ideas of motion and change in nature.
Detailed descriptions of the various landmarks of St. Augustine from its founding in 1565 through 1918.
Symbolic Logic is a text discussing the area of mathematics which studies the purely formal properties of strings of symbols.
Twenty Talks to Teachers is a book written for teachers, young and old, to help further the development of both teachers and students in the classroom.
The author uses the example of two faulty clocks to make a point.
The author's dedication to Lorenzo Di Piero De' Medici.
A description of the different kinds of states.
A discussion of the various methods that can be used to govern principalities.
A discussion of the difficulties of running a new principality, as opposed to a hereditary principality.
A continued discussion of the methods used to govern a principality.
A description of the three ways to maintain states that have been occupied.
How princes should behave when ruling states acquired by force, and the difficulties of maintaining states acquired by inheritance.
Maintaining power when it is achieved by the use of wealth, and the importance of loyalty.
The acquiring of power through criminal means.
The rise of power by the means of fellow citizens, and the different aspects of a prince created by the people as opposed to a noble prince.
The importance of inspiring patriotism and increasing favor with the citizens of the principality.
The acquisition and governing of principalities governed by religious doctrine.
How the maintenance of a standing army is essential in the enforcement of laws.
The risks of using auxiliary troops to defend ones state.
The importance of being educated in the art of war.
The behavior of the prince as to achieve the greatest benefit for the principality.
How being miserly will benefit a prince in maintaining power over a principality. A discussion on the pitfalls of excessive generosity.
How the use of compassion and the inducement of fear should be employed to preserve power.
Honor and the use of laws and force to succeed in acquiring and maintaining power.
The prevention of internal and external insurrections by protecting ones reputation.
The many methods employed to maintain power, and which are most effective.
How a prince can increase his prestige with the people of the principality.
How representatives of the prince can increase or decrease the prestige of the prince.
How the prince should receive the advice of his ministers while still maintaining their respect.
The author gives explanation for the many princes who have lost their states.
How fortune can affect the outcome of affairs and the importance of free-will.
The author gives advice in hopes of creating a strong, independent Italian state.